The alien plant screening system is derived from pheloung et al. It is initially a lowgrowing rosette with pinnatifid leaves up to 3 long. Calphotos is a project of bnhm university of california. View more articles from bulletin of the torrey botanical. The herb is also diuretic and of benefit in easing rheumatic pain. The genus is widely distributed in the americas, africa, asia, europe, and australia. Virginia pepperweed is a weed of agronomic, vegetable, orchard, and nursery crops, and is. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. This page was last edited on 25 november 2017, at 20. Virginia peppergrass is a pretty common weed around the tampa area. Peppergrass, or poor mans pepper, is an annual plant that grows from a single taproot. Beautiful green color when airdried without dye, and an excellent fresh cut easy to grow. Health benefits of garden cress lepidium sativum linn.
It includes familiar species such as garden cress, maca, and dittander. Virginia pepperweed lepidium virginicum inaturalist. Select from img where ready1 and taxon lepidium virginicum order by taxon click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement. Lepidium lepidium flavum scientific classification kingdom. Pdf lepidium virginicum brassicaceae a new nonnative. Lepidium virginicum on lepidium virginicum from the jepson manual. Posted by mellielong lutz, florida zone 9b on apr 28, 2016 2.
Lepidium virginicum wild pepper grass, virginia pepperweed. Lower leaves are oval with toothed margins on long petioles. Stem usually single, and with larger leaves below and a crown of branches above. Identify peppergrass via its pictures, habitat, height, flowers and leaves. Virginia pepperweed is a member of the mustard family and is edible to humans. Espesye sa tanom nga ripolyo ang lepidium virginicum. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Lepidium sativum known as garden cress belongs to brassicaceae family, has been known centuries ago in eastern regions then spread worldwide. How lepidium virginicum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Unusual looking small and unique seed heads add to the value of this plants character and usefulness in both fresh and dried applications. Lady bird johnson wildflower center focused on protecting and preserving north americas native plants through native plant lists and image galleries, conservation, education, natural landscapes, seed collection millennium seed bank msb project, preserving and restoring native communities, spreading awareness on invasive species and gardening to attract wildlife.
Allopolyploidization and evolution of species with reduced. Jepson manual treatment lepidium virginicum lepidium virginicum. It is native to much of north america, including most of the united states and mexico and southern regions of canada, as well as most of central america. It is in flower from june to july, and the seeds ripen from july to august. It can grow in semishade light woodland or no shade. The plants database includes the following 5 subspecies of lepidium virginicum. Pdf the basic floral ground plan is remarkably constant across brassicaceae. Nasturtium majus darracq kuntze lepidium praecox dc.
The results can also be downloaded as a csv file unicode utf8 encoding. This plant is a winter annual, spring annual, or biennial. The young leaves, which contain protein and vitamins a and c. Use virtual and real tools to improve critical calculations for farms and ranches. Regardless of your world view or weed view peppergrass is a survivor and part of mans diet for many thousands of years. Lepidium virginicum, also known as least pepperwort or virginia pepperweed, is an herbaceous plant in the mustard family brassicaceae.
Lepidium virginicum is a annualbiennial growing to 0. It is also the host plant for the checkered white pontia protodice and great southern white ascia monuste butterflies. Lepidium species are annual or perennial herbs or rarely undershrubs, glabrous or pubescent with simple or branched hairs, not scapose. Pdf evolutionary changes in floral structure within lepidium l. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles.
Lepidium virginicum herb uses, benefits, cures, side. A new alien species lepidium virginicum brassicaceae, is reported for the bulgarian flora. Common peppergrass lepidium virginicum mustard family brassicaceae description. A downloadable pdf document of a book in prepublication awaiting illustration. Group d22 herbicides are known as psi electron diverter photosystemielectron diversion. Lepidium is a genus of plants in the mustardcabbage family, brassicaceae. List of various diseases cured by lepidium virginicum. The species was first collected in july 2014 at a railway station in ruse town, northeast bulgaria. Lepidium virginicum umass amherst landscape, nursery.
Lepidium virginicum weed description an annual weed that develops as a basal rosette initially, eventually producing flowering stems that have a bottlebrush appearance. Checklist of vascular plants of nash prairie prepared by david j. Lepidium sativum cress, gardencress pepperweed pfaf plant. Basal leaves rosulate, lyratepinnatipartite, freaquently dying off before flowering. Plants profile for lepidium virginicum virginia pepperweed. This paper describes the crystal structure of the wscpchl complex purified from leaves of lepidium virginicum virginia pepperweed to clarify the mechanism of its photoprotective function. This species is a common weed of agricultural areas and habitation i. Curtis daehler uh botany with funding from the kaulunani urban forestry program and us forest service. Lepidium virginicum, also known as least pepperwort, virginia pepperweed or peppergrass, is an annual or biennial plant in the brassicaceae or mustard family.
However, flowers in more than half of lepidium species have reduced stamen numbers, and most of these also have reduced petals. Peppergrass lepidium virginicum is wild, edible and nutritious food. It can be found elsewhere as an introduced species. Group d22 resistant lepidium virginicum from canada, ontario. Usda, ars, germplasm resources information network. Multiple authors, pdr for herbal medicines, thomson healthcare inc.
Lepidium has around 175 species with a widespread distribution among all continents bowman et al. Later, the stems bolt upward, branching occasionally to frequently, and the plant becomes about. Starr1706279984 lepidium virginicum sunrise backlit with laysan albatross chicks in fieldcharlie barracks sand islandmidway atoll 36059994700. To support our efforts please browse our store books with medicinal info, etc. Plants profile for lepidium virginicum medium intermediate. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies. Lepidium virginicum brassicaceae is a widely distributed annual or biennial native herb that is found in disturbed areas across north america. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Virginia pepperweed lepidium virginicum is a dicot weed in the brassicaceae family. Lepidium is the genus with the largest variation in floral structure in brassicaceae, a family in which the floral ground plan is remarkably stable.
The epithet virginicum refers to the locality of the type flora of pakistan, 2016. It is widely available in the market and has very low cost 5. The name lepidium derives from the greek meaning small scales, referring to the shape of the fruits calflora, 2016. Lepidium has around 175 species with a widespread distribution among all. Evolution of genome size in brassicaceae semantic scholar.
Leaves leaves initially develop from a basal rosette. Species about 175220, see text lepidium is a genus of plants in the mustardcabbage family, brassicaceae. Plant database entry for virginia peppergrass lepidium virginicum with 15 images, 2 comments, and 32 data details. Lepidium virginicum, also known as least pepperwort or virginia pepperweed, is an. Micropropagation of lepidium virginicum brassicaceae, a plant with antiprotozoal activity. O seu nome provem da virginia, local onde e frequente, nos estados unidos. Lepidium virginicum name synonyms crucifera virginica l. Lepidium virginicum herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects. Virginia peppergrass, virginia pepperweed, peppergrass, poor mans pepper brassicaceae mustard family synonyms. Virginia pepperweed is a member of the mustard family. Virginia pepperweed lepidium virginicum brassicaceae mustard family 24 pennycress thlaspi arvense brassicaceae mustard family 25 venus looking. The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by insects. The results can also be downloaded as a csv file unicode utf8 encoding see status, confidence level, source for definitions.
Lepidium virginicum in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Later, the stems bolt upward, branching occasionally to frequently, and. And indeed, with a little imagination the notched seed pods of the lepidium can look like little fish scales, some say little purses, i think flat, tiny lentils. Names of lepidium virginicum in various languages of the world are also given. The leaves of wild peppergrass are nutritious and generally detoxifying, they have been used to treat vitamin c deficiency and diabetes, and to expel intestinal worms. It is in the brassicaceae mustard family and it earned its name for the pepperlike flavour. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in lepidium virginicum. Common peppercress lepidium africanum is regarded as an environmental weed in victoria and as a potential environmental weed in western australia and the northern territory. A risk assessment of lepidium virginicum for the pacific region was prepared by dr. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Stem erect, ascending, rarely decumbent or procumbent, leafy, simple or usually branched, glabrous or pubescent. Starr1706279984lepidium virginicumsunrise backlit with laysan albatross chicks in fieldcharlie barracks sand islandmidway atoll 36059994700. Pdf purification, crystallization and preliminary xray.
Virginicum means north american and lepidium is dead latins bastardization of greek for little fish scale, lepidion. Mature leaves are irregularly lobed, smooth and tapering to the petiole, and hairless. Lepidium virginicum at the lady bird johnson wildflower center. General common names include peppercress, peppergrass, and pepperwort. The alabama plant atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. I think its rather attractive due to its fairly compact growth habit, as well as the seed pods that change color as they mature. In ontario this weed first evolved resistance to group d22 herbicides in 1993 and infests peaches. Department of agriculture agricultural research service.683 96 184 891 1149 1427 988 46 201 1406 931 1320 651 761 1464 912 346 373 703 1260 890 916 1336 1198 1350 747 1540 19 1314 1116 264 1472 871 1059 254 761 334 801 142 32 132 1171 1426 276